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What is Architecture Drawing???

Introduction

  • An Architecture drawing is a technical drawing of building (or building falls within the definition of architecture).
  • Architecture drawing are made according to a set of convention, which includes particular views like floor plan, section, sheet sizes, units, etc.
  • Architectural drawing are use by architect to develop their design ideas to clients and also to communicate ideas and concepts.

Stages of Architecture Drawings

  1. Initial Sketch Plans
  2. Developed Designs
  3. Final Plans and Specification

Initial Drawing Plans

  • Sort out what you like and what you want to change.
  • Consider some of the technical limits.
  • Discuss with designer about environmental conditions.
  • Look at your budget.
  • Ask about future maintenance issues.
  • Decide if you feel comfortable.

Developed Designs

  • Draw up the development designs.
  • Design is particularly a cutting-edge.
  • Discuss the materials use- cladding, flooring, roofing, roofting, windows, doors.
  • Interior fittings and fixtures- power points, cable jacks, exterior taps, light location and attic access.
  • Use a quantity surveyor to estimate the cost of the project.

Final Plans and Specifications

  • In the tendering process, get quotes from contractors, subcontractors and also quantity surveyors.
  • Builder and contractors contracted to build house as blueprint for the construction.

Important Points

  1. Floor plan
  2. Site Plan
  3. Elevation
  4. Cross Section
  5. Isometric and Axonometric Projections
  6. Detail Drawings

1. Floor Plan

  • Floor plan is a most fundamental architectural diagram.
  • Showing the arrangement at a particular level of a building.
  • 3 feet/ 1 meter above floor level.
  • Floor plans includes anything.

2. Site Plan

  • Site plan is an architectural plan, landscape architecture document, and a detailed engineering drawing.
  • A site plan usually shows a building footprint, travel ways, parking, drainage facilities, sanitary sewer lines, water lines, trails, lighting, and landscaping and garden elements.

3. Elevation

  • Elevation drawing that shows the front or side of a building.
  • Without elevation drawings, you cannot see the details of your new cabinetry, the size of each drawer or the location of each cabinet.
  • Elevation is not require for every renovation or redecorating project, they are very useful when designing items like a fireplace, bathroom vanities, bars, or any location with built-in cabinetry, such as an office or entertainment space.

4. Cross Section

  • A cross section, also simply called a section, represents a vertical plane cut through the object, in the same way as a floor plan is a horizontal section viewed from the top.
  • Everything cut by the section plane is shown as a bold line, often with a solid fill to show objects that are cut through, and anything seen beyond generally shown in thinner line.

5. Isometric and axonometric Projections

  • A simple way of representing a three dimensional object.
  • An isometric uses a plan grid at 30 degree from the horizontal in both directions, which distorts the plan shape.
  • An axonometric uses a 45 degree plan grid, which keeps the original orthogonal geometry of the plan.

6. Detail Drawing

  • Detail drawings provide a detailed description of the geometric form of a part of  an object such as building, bridge, tunnel, machine, plant, and so on.
  • They tend to be large-scale drawings that show in detail parts that may be included in less detail on general arrangement drawings.

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