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Intelligent Building

Introduction

  • An intelligent building is the one which provides a productive and cost-effective environment through optimization of four basic elements: structure, services and management, and the interrelationship between them.
  • It is a building that uses both technology and process to create an environment that is safe, healthy and comfortable to everyone.

Need of Intelligent Building

  • Technology is changing how we design and construct buildings and the building fabrics themselves.
  • Intelligent buildings are the new era in the field of construction throughout the world.
  • It is environment  friendly.
  • It is cost effective.
  • It has many social benefits.

Components of an Intelligent Buildings

  • Energy management system
  • Lighting management system
  • Security systems & fire safety
  • Telecommunications & Office automation
  • Local area networks
  • Cabling management
  • Intelligent maintenance mgt. system (IMMS)
  • Computer aided facility management (CAFM)

Cost Effective Construction

  • Fly ash based concrete walls should be used.
  • Intelligent buildings are more energy efficient.
  • These buildings use less water.
  • Materials efficiency.
  • Intelligent building should be constructed so that it can take advantages of renewable resources.
  • Reduces operating cost.
  • Solar cells should be used.

Features of intelligent Building

  • Intelligent building are flexible are responsive to different usage and environmental contexts.
  • It is able to change states with respect to functions and user demands over time and building spaces as its easy to program and re-program during use.
  • It supports human communication between individuals and groups.
  • It has a distributed long term and short term memory.
  • It is equipped with actuators for direct or indirect manipulation installation and the building structure.

Environment Friendly

  • An intelligent building starts with an environmentally friendly design.
  • They maintains a comfortable, safe and secure pollution.
  • Enhance and protect biodiversity and ecosystems.
  • Improve air and water quality.
  • Reduce waste streams.
  • Optimum use of day light.

Safety

  • Life safety systems, often called ‘fire systems’, are typically driven by code considerations.
  • Early warning systems like smoke detection systems, detects the fire at a very early stage and pinpoint to the caretaker where exactly it is occurring, so that the fire is extinguished locally through manual fire extinguishers.
  • Fire protection system pumps water to the areas where the fire occurs, so as to douse it automatically through sprinkler bulbs and also manually through the fire brigade.

Management Systems

  • Energy management
  • HVAC systems
  • Lighting systems
  • Lift and escalator systems
  • Alarm monitoring
  • Water management systems

Advantages of intelligent buildings

  • Provides air quality control
  • Higher level of security and safety
  • Reduced administration costs
  • Provides good comfort
  • Environment friendly
  • Proper control over the entire structure
  • Focus on eliminating CO2 emissions

Disadvantages of Intelligent buildings

  • The initial cost of an installed system is high.
  • Repairing problems.
  • Requires special super vision over all configuration.
  • Small life of the electronic equipment.
  • Serviceability would be an issue unless users have a trained technician on the staff.
  • Technological limitations.

Examples

  • Rotating Tower in Dubai
  • Burj Khalifa
  • Burj Al Arab
  • Kuala Lampur Tower in Malaysia
  • Buckingham Palace in London

Conclusion

  • Provides adaptation to growing market and communication globalization.
  • Improve worker satisfaction and productivity.
  • Reduces energy consumption needs.
  • As potential future savings over the projected life cycle of the building.
  • The benefits of these buildings include cost saving from reduced energy, water and waste, lower operation and maintenance cost.
  • To minimize energy consumption to a greater scale and to increase the equipment’s efficiency are the objectives of these buildings.
  • Therefore an emphasis should be on intelligent construction.

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