What is Construction Planning??
- Construction planning is the first stage of construction management, the discipline of taking a construction project from conception to completion.
- Construction planning provides a project plan / schedule that is essential in project time management.
- Analysis the various factors in the project management in construction which lead to success and failure of the projects.
- Learning from projects by understanding the essential elements of the project management, analysis of project management done in various projects worldwide.
Why we do planning??
- Scope recognition.
- Task definition & responsibility identification.
- Effective utilization of resources (labor, material & equipment).
- Tracking and controlling project time and cost.
- Claims analysis, quantification and defense.
- Completing the work within specified time and budget.
- Evolving a reputation for high quality workmanship.
- Providing safe working conditions for staff and workers.
- Taking sound decisions at lowest practical management level through delegation of authority.
- Creating an organization that works as a team.
- Planning & Scheduling
- Controlling & Co-ordinating
Stages of Construction
- Dividing the work into component activities.
- Designing job structure.
- Defining targets and responsibilities.
- Allocating resources.
- Delegating specific tasks to individuals.
What is Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)??
- Describes the project scope of work in a hierarchy of work packages, where each abstract work package in the higher levels of the hierarchy is subdivided into more detailed work packages in lower levels of the hierarchy.
- Work Breakdown Structure: A deliverable-oriented hierarchical decomposition of the work to be executed by the project team to accomplish the project objectives and create the required deliverables.
- It recognizes and defines the total scope of the project.
- Each descending level represents an increasingly details definition of the project work.
- The WBS is decomposed into work packages.
- This determines sets and articulates project objectives.
- It answers the big questions concerning a project’s mission, how it will achieve this mission, and how these objectives align with the project sponsor’s or owner’s larger strategy.
- In short, strategic planning is the big-picture analysis that the project sponsor carries out.
- This delves into the details of how the project will meet its strategic objectives- if it can meet them at all.
- Construction teams to meet the strategic objectives, identify any shortfalls, and seek the sponsor’s approval to cover those shortfalls.
- This lays out the operational plan on a projected timescale, including the anticipated completion date.
- In small type of planning does not involve highly detailed scheduling of every project task.
- On large projects, specialist schedulers draw up detailed schedules.
- This process analyzes the building site to see how natural conditions might affect the project.
- A project’s financial plan relates closely to its resource plan.
- A financial plan details the costs to insure in the resource plan and accounts for administration and overhead.
- It also includes contingency reserves for unexpected events that drive up project costs.
- The financial plan can map expenditure over the course of the project so that the project manager and sponsors know when they require money.
- This process details the materials, labor, and equipment that you will use in the project, complete with quantities.
- The resource plan is an important document for determining costs and budgets. Labor projections are a challenging aspects of resource planning.
- Making up for a labor shortfall is more difficult than coping with an equipment or resource shortfall. Rapid fluctuation in the size of the labor force are a function of poor management.
- A quality plan details standards for project deliverables and is a central piece of the puzzle in contractor accountability.
- The quality plan also describes the processes by which you will take if the quality of deliverables do not meet standards.
- It addresses who on the project team is in charge of quality and how you will measure and communicate quality.
- Construction projects face a wide range of risks, from fluctuating prices of raw materials to chances in laws, fire, shortage of qualified workers, and natural disasters.
- The risk planning involves the risks that a project might be susceptible to and discusses what can be done to eliminate, mitigate, or tackle, or tackle the risks deemed significant by risk analysis.
- It also lays out how the team will monitor risks and respond if anything unfortunately happens.
- It addresses how to convey information, defines your audience, indicates frequency, and defines who is responsible for handling the information.
- An adequate information flow is critical for building and maintaining trust, ensuring transparency, and keeping everyone aligned.
- Finally after discussing the various aspects of “the importance of construction planning & management”, we conclude that these are the very essential functions and part of any constructional project to get finished within time with estimated cost. SO we should save our input and money with the proper planning and smart management skills.