- Delhi Metro is a rapid transit system serving Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida and Ghaziabad in the National Capital Region of India.
- The first line of Delhi Metro was inaugurated by A.B.Vajpayee (former Prime Minister of India) on 24th December, 2002.
- In 1995 GOI and GNCTD formed DMRC under the companies act to construct the Delhi Metro.
- Conceived as a social sector project, funding assistance was provided by the contribute by the Japanese Government.
- Rest was contributed by GOI and GNCTD through equity.
Delhi Metro: Urgency
- Metro is considered a transport option when population of a city crosses 1 million mark.
- Automobiles contributed to more than 2/3rd of the total atmospheric population.
- Delhi had more registered vehicles than Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai put together.
Delhi Metro- Social Sector Project
- Globally, MRTS projects were financially unviable.
- Estimated cost of first phase of the project increased from Rs 60 billion to Rs 89.27 billion.
- In view of high cost and low financial IRR it was considered a project for the regional economy in more ways than one.
Delhi Metro- Project Team
- “Each member of the team was interviewed personally by me. I went through their track record particularly with regard to their integrity.”- Shreedharan
- Most of the staff was between 18&30 years.
- It had just two departments- Project Organization & Operations and Maintenance.
Delhi Metro- Problems in Recruiting
- Problem of skill shortage.
- Problem of Training.
- Problem of Lack of Experience.
- Problem of Corruption.
Delhi Metro- Planning Obstacles
- Lack of Funds.
- Political Interference.
- Lack of Professionalism.
- Accountability, Property, Disputes, etc.
Delhi Metro- Quality Management
- DMRC appointed a special quality assurance team independent of field executives.
- Each employee had to prepare a detailed project report (DPR) as against a benchmark.
- Every Monday, the heads of departments had to meet to review progress, set new targets or revise targets.
Delhi Metro- Cost Control
- The total expenditure of Delhi Metro was split into 3 broad heads-
- Material Including Maintenance
- Each of these accounted for approximately 1/3rd of the project cost.
- DMRC employed only 45 persons per km of track as per international norms in contrast to Kolkata Metro which employed 3 times as many people.
- DMRC used Primavera Project Planner 3.0 for project planning and monitoring.
Disagreement between Shreedharan & Indian Railways
- Shreedharan was in favor of standard gauge, generally used in Metro system.
- IR favors the broad gauge, the gauge used over most of the railway network in India.
- GOI intervene and asked the DMRC to adopt the broad gauge for the Delhi Metro.
Protecting the Environment
- It pursued environmental and safety objectives.
- Construction sites were entirely covered.
- They used silent generators t work sites and also used light shields to reduce glare from work lights at night.
- DMRC took measures to dispose of water wastes.
Delhi Metro- Current Scenario
- Number of Lines: 06
- Number of Stations: 142
- Daily Ridership:8 Million
- Number of Vehicles: 210 trains
- Train Length: 4/6 Coaches