Safety Measurements at Construction Sites


  • Construction is the most dangerous land based work sector. The problem is not that the hazards and risks are unknown, it is that they are very difficult to control in a constantly changing work environment. So, in every year, many people fall victim to injury, harm and even death through accidents on construction sites.
  • The construction industry, employing the largest labor force in the country has accounted for about 11% of all occupational injuries and 20% of all deaths resulting from occupational accidents. The cost of accidents is expensive. However, economic cost id not the only reason for which a contractor should be conscious of safety. The reasons for considering safety include.


  • To study the safety management system, theory and procedures from the preparation of the site to the construction of the project.
  • To save the life of construction workers by using the OHSE system commonly in our country.
  • To study the accident theories which aim to clarify the accident phenomena and to explain the mechanism that lead to accidents.

Importance of Safety Issues

  • Life & Property
  • Proper management of construction works.
  • Safe the total construction cost.
  • Reduce workers compensation claims.
  • Improved employee morale & satisfaction.
  • Increased productivity.
  • Reduced insurance cost.
  • Continuous improvement
  • Every job will be done safely
  • All accidents are preventable.

Benefits of occupational health and safety at workplace

  • Improvement of worker’s health behavior due to relaxed atmosphere in the work setting.
  • Improved worker’s health.
  • Improved workers moral and job-satisfaction.
  • Improved workers efficiency and productivity.
  • Lower sickness rates, lower accidents and injury rates.
  • Reduced absenteeism, reduced labor turnover.
  • Reduced health cost to the employee, the management and the employers.
  • Improved corporate image and industrial relations.
  • Lower compensation for occupational illnesses and injuries.
  • Safety management is essential for the changes of work and attitudes.
  • It develops a sense of safety in work activities.
  • To develop clean habits.
  • To increase efficiency in the use of tools, equipment’s and processes.
  • To consider and implement useful and effective suggestions.
  • To generate feelings of participation and job satisfaction.
  • To achieve the goal of quality, productivity and profit.

Need of Safety

  • Safety plays an important role in almost all the aspect of Civil Engineering.
  • The construction industry, employing the largest labor force, has accounted for about 11% of all occupational injuries and 20% deaths resulting from occupational accidents.


  • Provide safe environment to work.
  • Contractors typically have design responsibility.
  • Allow excavation and construction of structures in otherwise poor environment.
  • Employee are able to get the types of benefits that are most appealing to them.
  • Employees become more aware of the benefits offered by the company.
  • Steel sheet piles are easily installed and removed.
  • Materials can typically be reused on.
  • Other projects


  • Higher administrative cost.
  • Employee may choose inappropriate benefit package.
  • Chosen benefit maybe costly to maintain.

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